Palm Acid Oil(PAO)

  • Palm Acid Oil (PAO) is a by-product from the chemical refining of palm oil.
  • It consists mainly of FFA (over 50%) and neutral oil, with 2-3% moisture and other impurities.
  • The main uses of PAO are in are animal feeds, in soap making and for distilled fattyacid production.


Palm Kernel Shell(PKS)

  • Palm kernel shells (or PKS) are the shell fractions left after the nut has been removed after crushing in the Palm Oil mill.
  • Compared to other residues from the industry, it is a good quality biomass fuel with uniform
  • size distribution, easy handling, easy crushing, and limited biological activity due to low moisture content.
  • Palm kernel shells contain residues of Palm Oil, which accounts for its slightly higher heating value than average lignocellulosic biomass.


Palm Fiber

Palm fibre is a superior substitute to coconut fibre due to its strong bond that are commonly used in making :

  • Mattress and cushion production
  • Moulded wares and composite material production
  • Medium density fiberboard manufacturing
  • Paper and pulp production
  • Acoustics control